SCHICK, BELA

SCHICK, BELA
SCHICK, BELA (1877–1967), pediatrician. Born in Boglar, Hungary, Schick became an assistant at the Children's Clinic in Vienna and later associate professor of pediatrics at Vienna University. He left Austria for the U.S. and, in 1923, became pediatrician in chief at Mt. Sinai Hospital in New York, and in 1936 clinical professor of pediatrics at Columbia University. Schick was famous for his discovery of a skin test for determining susceptibility to diphtheria, known as the Schick test. This test enabled early diagnosis and treatment and thus made it possible to save thousands of lives. He also made important studies on scarlet fever, tuberculosis, and the nutrition of infants. He described a symptom for tuberculosis of the bronchial glands, known as the Schick sign. His publications include The Serum Diseases (with C. Pirquet, 1905), Scarlet Fever (with Th. Escherich, 1912), and Diphtheria (1931). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.R. Kagan, Jewish Medicine (1952), 367. (Suessmann Muntner)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Schick, Bela — (1877 1967)    American paediatrician, of Austrian origin. He studied at the University of Vienna where he became assistant professor. From 1923 he was director of the Pediatric Department of Mount Sinai Hospital in New York and was also… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Schick test — shik n a serological test for susceptibility to diphtheria by cutaneous injection of a diluted diphtheria toxin that causes an area of reddening and induration in susceptible individuals Schick Béla (1877 1967) American pediatrician. In 1913… …   Medical dictionary

  • Schick — may refer to: * Schick (razors), a well known brand of safety razor * Schick Technologies, a major manufacturer of digital X ray systems for dentists *Schick test a test to determine susceptibility to diphtheriaSchick is the surname of: * Alfredo …   Wikipedia

  • Schick's test — Schick test, Schick s test /shik(s) test/ noun A test for susceptibility to diphtheria, made by injecting the skin with a measured amount of diphtheria toxin ORIGIN: Bela Schick (1877–1967), US paediatrician …   Useful english dictionary

  • Schick testSchick's test — Schick test, Schick s test /shik(s) test/ noun A test for susceptibility to diphtheria, made by injecting the skin with a measured amount of diphtheria toxin ORIGIN: Bela Schick (1877–1967), US paediatrician …   Useful english dictionary

  • Schick test — ☆ Schick test [shik ] n. [after Béla Schick (1877 1967), U.S. pediatrician, born in Hungary, who devised it] a test to determine immunity to diphtheria, made by injecting dilute diphtheria toxin into the skin: if an area of inflammation results,… …   English World dictionary

  • Schick — Bela, Austrian pediatrician in U.S., 1877–1967. See S. method, S. test, S. test toxin …   Medical dictionary

  • Béla Schick — Infobox Scientist name = Béla Schick image width = caption = birth date = birth date|1877|7|16|mf=y birth place = Balatonboglár, Hungary death date = death date and age|1967|12|6|1877|7|16|mf=y death place = residence = citizenship = nationality …   Wikipedia

  • Schick test — noun a skin test for immunity to diphtheria • Hypernyms: ↑skin test * * * ˈshik noun Usage: usually capitalized S Etymology: after Béla Schick died 1967 American pediatrician : a test for susceptibility to diphtheria performed by injecting a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Schick test — The Schick test, invented between 1910 and 1911, is a test used to determine whether or not a person is susceptible to diphtheria. It was named after its inventor, Béla Schick (1877–1967), a Hungarian born American pediatrician. The test is a… …   Wikipedia

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